This is the main commercial district of Tucson Arizona in 1887. Here you see Congress Street looking west toward the Santa Cruz River and Sentinel Peak (now A Mountain). Of interest are the Papago (now Tohono O'odham) ladies carrying their wares on their heads. The Southern Pacific Railroad had arrived at Tucson seven years earlier and this dusty little Mexican village began to change rapidly.
The best way to appreciate just how much changed with the coming of the railroad is to visit the Southern Arizona Transportation Museum at the opposite end of our restored train depot from Maynard's Market & Kitchen. Saturdays are good days to visit with special things for the kid to do and docents to answer your questions.
At this time, Congress Street and Stone Avenue form the main business intersection. The Palace Cigar sign hangs over the principle bar, the Congress Hall Saloon, for which the street was given its Anglo name. Prior to its re-naming, Congress Street had a Spanish name: Calle de la India Alegria (Happy Indian Street).
Congress & Meyer is the intersection in the middle of this image.