Having read our stories about the Camp Grant Massacre and the trial of those Tucson citizens accused of this mass murder, you might find this brief follow-up note of interest.
Following their acquittal, the leaders of the mob were rewarded with paying public positions. William Oury was elected city alderman; Sydney DeLong was elected mayor. Juan Elias, brother of Jesus Elias, was elected town dogcatcher. Given the huge number of stray dogs in and around Tucson in those days, dogcatcher was considered a very important job. All of these men and others, such as Sam Hughes, were honored with place and street names.
After the massacre, Lt. Royal Emerson Whitman (1833-1913), whose troops were responsible for the protection of the peaceful Aravaipa Apaches, was hated by the citizens of Tucson. There were several attempts to besmirch his reputation. He was court-marshaled on trumped up charges. Local newspapers – particularly John Wasson’s Arizona Citizen (est. 1870) – tried to implicate Whitman in the massacre he tried to stop. Even though various courts concluded that there were no merits to any of the charges, Whitman’s reputation was shot and his Army career ended in bitter retirement.
Chief Eskiminzin and his young daughter were two of the few survivors of the massacre. Following the murder of between 125 and 144 of his people, mostly women and children, the Chief tried to get along with Indian Agent John Clum and was partially responsible for the creation of the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation.
In 1873, two years after the massacre, conditions on San Carlos were so poor, that Eskiminzin led his people off the reservation and into the mountains. When he was captured by the Army, he was put in chains and sent to the guardhouse where he languished for months. When Clum found out about his confinement, he ordered the Chief to be released.Read More