Jim Turner – Historian & Public Speaker

Jim Turner, recently retired from the Arizona Historical Society, is a professional Arizona historian, author, and public speaker whose talks both educate & entertain a range of audiences: retirees, teachers, service clubs and professional & business conferences & conventions. His range of knowledge and informative talks also include broader subjects, … Continue reading

Send Some Apaches To New York. That’ll Show ‘Em!

Chiricahua Apaches 1886

Like so many others, I enjoy local histories. Understanding history is how I get a sense of the places and people I visit as I travel around Baja Arizona creating my videos, photographs, stories, and reviews to share with you on my Southern Arizona Guide. Of late, I have been reading extensively about the Apache [...]

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To The Sky Center & Outer Space!

Kitt Peak observable gallaxies

Last April (2011), about 10 of us went up to Kitt Peak for the Night Observation Program. For $48 each, we got about a five-hour program that included a very interesting lecture (with slides) on astronomy, a box “dinner” with chips, an apple, and a stale sandwich, and a few hours observing the heavens through [...]

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Map of Apache Country

(A) Fort Lowell in east Tucson. (B) Fort Bowie. (C) Cochise Stronghold. (D) Chiricahua National Monument. (E) Fort Huachuca.
View main Apache Wars article here:
Read the Apache Wars sequence of events in the following article.
A couple of places to dine and overnight in Southeastern Arizona are:

Apache-history_115For more information on the Apaches and the history surrounding the Apache Wars, see our page on the Local History of the Apaches.

The Apache Wars: A Timeline.

Apache Pass as viewed from Ft. Bowie today.

The saga of the Apache Wars is both complex and compelling. For over a quarter century, hundreds of ambushes, raids, massacres, and full-fledged military battles occurred over a huge, rugged, and diverse landscape. The wars involved hundreds of notable participants. The following is the merest of highlights to help you get your mind around the amazing history of many places you can visit here.

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Why The Apaches Were Defeated

Geronimo, 2 sons and nephew

The Apaches lost their wars against the Mexicans and Americans for six basic reasons.

First, the Apaches were hopelessly outnumbered. When an Apache chief, such as Cochise, lost a warrior in battle, there was no replacement until one of the younger boys grew up and became a warrior. All an American or Mexican military officer usually had to do when he lost men was call for readily available replacements. It was a war of attrition.

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