Part I - This is the first of a series on the great Chiricahua Apache chief, Cochise, and his part in the fascinating history of Southern Arizona.
Click here for some background: A timeline of the Apache Wars and the most notable leaders of both sides of the conflict.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, October 30, 1876.
It is hereby ordered that the order of December 14, 1872, setting apart the following-described lands in the Territory of Arizona as a reservation for certain Apache Indians, viz: Beginning at Dragoon Springs, near Dragoon Pass, and running thence northeasterly along the north base of the Chiricahua Mountains, to a point on the summit of Peloncillo Mountains, or Stevens Peak Range; thence running south-easterly along said range through Stevens Peak to the boundary of New Mexico; thence running south to the boundary of Mexico; thence running westerly along said boundary 56 miles; thence running northerly, following substantially the western base of the Dragoon Mountains, to the place of beginning, be, and the same is hereby, canceled, and said lands are restored to the public domain.
U. S. GRANT
With the stroke of his presidential pen, President Grant dissolved the Chiricahua Apache's huge reservation in Southeastern Arizona. It was the beginning of the end for the Chiricahua people in Arizona.
Below are the approximate boundaries of the Chiricahua Apache Indian Reservation described above. It was created by verbal agreement between General Oliver Howard and Chiricahua Apache chief Cochise in 1872. This "gentleman's agreement" never became a formal treaty ratified by the U.S. Senate. Read More...